Kidney Transplant

Sterling Hospital is a renowned corporate hospital in Gujarat that boasts its own live and cadaver kidney transplant unit, duly recognized by the Government. The hospital follows a systematic approach in planning, implementing, and evaluating kidney transplants, ensuring complete documentation and interrogation of both the recipient and donor to maintain transparency and accuracy. 


The hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art facilities, including twin operation theaters with laminar air flow that are specially designed for organ transplants. Isolated and well-designed areas are available for post-transplant recovery, ensuring strict aseptic precautions. The hospital also houses a modern dialysis unit and a proficient staff capable of handling any emergency situation. 


A multidisciplinary transplant team, consisting of Nephrologists, Urologists, and Anesthetists, provides high-quality care to patients. Expert medical and paramedical staff are available to assist the consultants, and a team of Dieticians, Pharmacists, and Physiotherapists are on hand 24/7 for consultations. The hospital also conducts daily pre and postoperative kidney transplant patient clinics for outpatient care, and is skilled in laparoscopic/robotic-assisted transplants. 


Sterling Hospital prioritizes patient participation in discussions about their health and illness management, and ensures that transplants are carried out with utmost care, accuracy, and transparency. With its state-of-the-art facilities, proficient staff, and multidisciplinary approach, Sterling Hospital is a trusted destination for kidney transplants in Gujarat. 


Kidney transplantation is typically recommended as a treatment option for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) who have exhausted other forms of renal replacement therapy, such as dialysis, or who are not suitable candidates for dialysis. Some common indications for kidney transplant include: 

  1. End-stage renal disease (ESRD): Kidney transplant is often considered as a treatment option for patients with ESRD, which is the final stage of chronic kidney disease (CKD) where the kidneys are no longer able to function adequately to sustain life. 


  1. Failure of other renal replacement therapies: If other forms of renal replacement therapy, such as dialysis, are not providing sufficient results or causing significant complications, kidney transplant may be recommended as an alternative treatment option. 


  1. Quality of life: Kidney transplant can significantly improve the quality of life for patients with ESRD, as it allows them to regain kidney function and lead a more normal and active life compared to relying on dialysis. 


  1. Medical eligibility: Patients who are considered medically eligible for kidney transplant, which involves thorough evaluation of their overall health and suitability for surgery, may be recommended for the procedure. 


  1. Absence of contraindications: Patients who do not have any contraindications, such as active infections, uncontrolled malignancies, or severe cardiovascular disease, that would pose increased risks for the transplantation surgery and post-transplant recovery may be considered as candidates for kidney transplant. 


  1. Adequate social support: Patients with adequate social support, including a reliable caregiver and support system, are generally better candidates for kidney transplant, as the procedure requires lifelong immunosuppressive medications and careful post-transplant monitoring and care. 


It's important to note that the decision for kidney transplant is made on a case-by-case basis, taking into consideration various factors, including the patient's overall health, medical history, and individual circumstances. The evaluation for kidney transplant candidacy is typically done by a multidisciplinary transplant team, which includes nephrologists, urologists, transplant surgeons, and other specialists, who assess the patient's suitability for the procedure. 


There are two main types of kidney transplantation: living donor kidney transplant and deceased (cadaveric) donor kidney transplant. 

  1. Living Donor Kidney Transplant: In this type of kidney transplant, a healthy kidney is donated by a living person, usually a family member, friend, or sometimes an altruistic donor who is not related to the recipient. The living donor undergoes thorough medical evaluation to ensure that they are in good health and suitable for kidney donation. The advantage of living donor kidney transplant is that it allows for a planned surgery and the opportunity to use a healthy kidney with better outcomes compared to deceased donor kidneys. Living donor kidney transplant can also be done preemptively, before the patient requires dialysis, which can result in better long-term outcomes. 

  2. Deceased (Cadaveric) Donor Kidney Transplant: In this type of kidney transplant, the kidney is obtained from a deceased person who has previously expressed a desire to be an organ donor or whose family has consented to organ donation after their death. The kidneys are retrieved from the deceased donor's body, carefully preserved, and then transplanted into the recipient. Deceased donor kidney transplants are dependent on the availability of organs from deceased donors, and the waiting time for a suitable deceased donor kidney can vary depending on factors such as organ availability, compatibility, and waiting list prioritization. 


Both living donor and deceased donor kidney transplants require careful matching of the donor and recipient for compatibility, including blood type, tissue typing, and cross-matching to minimize the risk of organ rejection. After transplantation, the recipient requires lifelong immunosuppressive medications to prevent organ rejection and regular monitoring to ensure the success of the transplant. 


The specific type of kidney transplant recommended for a patient depends on various factors, including the availability of suitable donors, the recipient's health condition, and the expertise of the transplant team. The transplant team, which includes nephrologists, transplant surgeons, and other specialists, will evaluate and determine the most appropriate type of kidney transplant for each individual patient.