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Colectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the partial or total removal of the colon, also known as the large intestine. This procedure may be performed for various reasons, including the treatment of colorectal cancer, inflammatory bowel disease (such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis), diverticulitis, or severe constipation that does not respond to other treatments.

When and why do people go for Colectomy?

People undergo colectomy for various reasons depending on their specific medical condition. It is commonly recommended for individuals with colorectal cancer to remove the tumour and surrounding tissue to prevent its spread. For those with inflammatory bowel disease, colectomy may be necessary to alleviate symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding that do not respond to medication. Additionally, colectomy may be performed in cases of severe diverticulitis or chronic constipation that significantly impairs quality of life.

What makes Colectomy different from other treatment options?

Colectomy offers a definitive treatment option for certain conditions affecting the colon compared to other treatment options. While medications, dietary changes, or lifestyle modifications may help manage symptoms temporarily, colectomy directly addresses the underlying cause of the condition by removing part or all of the colon. This surgical intervention can provide long-term relief from symptoms and improve overall quality of life, especially for individuals with severe or refractory colorectal cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, diverticulitis, or chronic constipation. 

How does life change after Colectomy?

Life after colectomy can vary depending on the reason for the procedure and the extent of colon removal. In general, many patients experience improvements in symptoms and overall quality of life following colectomy. For individuals with colorectal cancer, colectomy offers a chance for remission and improved prognosis. For those with inflammatory bowel disease or diverticulitis, colectomy can alleviate symptoms and reduce the need for medication or frequent hospitalizations. While recovery may involve some adjustment and dietary modifications, many patients ultimately enjoy a renewed sense of well-being and improved gastrointestinal health after colectomy.

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